The House of the National Assembly is the seat of the National Assembly of Serbia. The building is located on Nikola Pašić Square in downtown Belgrade, and is a notable landmark and tourist attraction in the city that should not be bypassed during your Belgrade tour.
The cornerstone for the building at Nikola Pasic Square, today's National Assembly, was placed on August 27th, 1907, in the presence of King Petar I Karadjordjevic. It was built on the location of the biggest Turkish Batal Mosque which was demolished right after Serbia gained independence in 1878 and was no longer under the Turkish reign.
The National Assembly was built near today's Tasmajdan Park, where Hatiserif (the Sultan’s edict) was read on November 1830 that brought liberation for the people of Serbia and Milos Obrenovic became hereditary prince of the Serbian state.
The first project of the future House of Representative was made by the architect Konstantin Jovanović in 1892. His plan was later changed for technical reasons, because of a new state constitution which required a bicameral instead of the unicameral legislature. On the repeated competition architect Jovan Ilkić won, and the construction of the National Assembly had started.
The unification of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenians in a common state changed the structure of representative bodies, which required a different parliament building. After the death of Jovan Ilkić in 1917, the modification of the project was entrusted to his son Pavle Ilkic and the works continued in the period from 1920 to 1926 .
Nikola Krasnov was the main architect in the next phase of construction, which started in 1934. Krasnov , who came to Belgrade with a group of immigrants after the October Revolution has made a great contribution to the representativeness of the parliamentary building , especially the interior .
Details such as the processing of windows, doors, stucco decoration, wooden paneling, metal decorative grids and furniture design are the work of the Russian architect, as well as the decorative fence.
The fence was standing in front of the Assembly building until 1956, when it was used to decorate the villa “Biljana" in Ohrid and the " White Palace " in Dedinje .
A sculpture by Toma Rosandić, “ Igrali se konji vrani” ("Play of Black Horses"), was placed in front of the building in 1939 that gives a special mark to this monumental building.
The construction was interrupted on several occasions - due to the two Balkan War, World War I and Great Depression in 1929. The building was completed in 1936 with the first sitting taking place on the 20th of October the same year.
During the World War II, the building at Nikola Pasic Square was a German Command, so during the war it was safe from destruction from the occupiers.
Interim Assembly of the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia was held in this building, and then the Constituent Assembly, which proclaimed the Republic on November 29th the same year in the Assembly Hall.
Since 1945, the building was used as the House of Representatives of the Democratic Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro, and from July 3, 2006 officially became the National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia.
Besides the importance of continuity of the purpose it has served from its raise up to date, the building of National Assembly stands out as testimony to the most important events of political and social life in the Yugoslav and Serbian history. Because of its architectural, cultural, historical and artistic values, the National Assembly Building was established a cultural monument in 1984.