Water, marble and monastery

 Belgrade – Despotovac – Manasija Monastery – Resava Cave – Waterfall Lisine – Belgrade

Manasija Monastery – Manasija Monastery (also known as Resava) is one of the most significant monuments of medieval Serbian culture and the most important building that belongs to the “Moravian” architectural school. The monastery was built by Despot Stefan Lazarević, Serbian medieval ruler, whose relics are in the southern part of the church, beneath a white marble slab. Construction of the monastery lasted between 1407 and 1418. Immediately after its establishment, the monastery became the cultural center of Serbian state. “Resava School” was copying workshop and it was a source of written books and translations, even after the fall of Serbian medieval state, throughout 15th and 16th century.

 

Resava Cave - Resava cave is one of the oldest surveyed caves in the country. It is about 80 million years old. Cave pillars and coral-like deposits are about 45 million years old. Temperature inside the cave is constant at 7°C, while humidity varies. The interior of the cave has numerous and varied venues, canals, galleries, pillars, stalactites, stalagmites, draperies and petrified waterfalls. Cave ornaments start from the cave entrance, which is located at 485 m above sea level. Ornaments are created by dissolving calcium carbonate, and the color depends on the different minerals. Ornaments appear in three colours – red, yellow and white. The most domanant is red.

 

One of the most beautiful waterfalls in Serbia – Veliko vrelo spring and Veliki buk waterfall are protected by the decree of the Government of the Republic, as a monument of nature Lisine, which is peculiar sight of Serbian geomorphologic heritage. Height of the waterfall is about 20 m, and the water falls into the lagoon where the brave can swim.

 

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